Pigments from a mineral

Lapis lazuli, Lapis lazuli means blue stone in Arabic.

Its use is very old, going back 7,000 years.

Deposits: Middle East and Afghanistan.

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Malachite,

Malachite is a hydrated copper carbonate, just like azurite with which it is often found associated.

Deposits: France, Congo, Urals

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Azurite,

Azurite is part of the quartz family, the name of Chessylite comes from the deposit of the village of Chessy in the Rhône Alpes region in France.

Other deposits: Languedoc Roussillon, Morocco, North America.

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Smalt,

used since the periods of the Italian Renaissance, and particularly popular in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, especially by Flemish and Nordic painters.

Smalt is a silicate of potassium and cobalt, more or less impure at the origin.

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Egyptian blue,

synthetic blue pigment , used by the ancient Egyptians in particular on sarcophagi, sculptures, papyrus, murals from the Fourth Dynasty, also known as the Egyptian blue frit.

Produced from colored “glass” (cooking with a fondant of a copper ore, siliceous sands, limestone rocks) crushed into a fine powder. It is considered the first synthetic pigment.

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Cinnabar,

Cinnabar is a mineral species composed of mercury sulphide. First described by the ancient Greek philosopher, Theophrastus, in his work on mineralogy.

Deposits: France, Spain, China

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Hematite,

Hematite is a mineral species composed of iron oxide with traces of titanium , aluminum , manganese and water .

Deposits; Brazil, Italy, France:

Mines of Batère , Pyrénées-Orientales, Languedoc-Roussillon, Haute-Saône , Franche-Comté 20 , Mines of Rancié ( Ariège )

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